Deuteronomy 21 & Psalm 108-109

Deuteronomy 21

    “If in the land that the LORD your God is giving you to possess someone is found slain, lying in the open country, and it is not known who killed him, then your elders and your judges shall come out, and they shall measure the distance to the surrounding cities. And the elders of the city that is nearest to the slain man shall take a heifer that has never been worked and that has not pulled in a yoke. And the elders of that city shall bring the heifer down to a valley with running water, which is neither plowed nor sown, and shall break the heifer's neck there in the valley. Then the priests, the sons of Levi, shall come forward, for the LORD your God has chosen them to minister to him and to bless in the name of the LORD, and by their word every dispute and every assault shall be settled. And all the elders of that city nearest to the slain man shall wash their hands over the heifer whose neck was broken in the valley, and they shall testify, ‘Our hands did not shed this blood, nor did our eyes see it shed. Accept atonement, O LORD, for your people Israel, whom you have redeemed, and do not set the guilt of innocent blood in the midst of your people Israel, so that their blood guilt be atoned for.’ So you shall purge the guilt of innocent blood from your midst, when you do what is right in the sight of the LORD.

    “When you go out to war against your enemies, and the LORD your God gives them into your hand and you take them captive, and you see among the captives a beautiful woman, and you desire to take her to be your wife, and you bring her home to your house, she shall shave her head and pare her nails. And she shall take off the clothes in which she was captured and shall remain in your house and lament her father and her mother a full month. After that you may go in to her and be her husband, and she shall be your wife. But if you no longer delight in her, you shall let her go where she wants. But you shall not sell her for money, nor shall you treat her as a slave, since you have humiliated her.

    “If a man has two wives, the one loved and the other unloved, and both the loved and the unloved have borne him children, and if the firstborn son belongs to the unloved, then on the day when he assigns his possessions as an inheritance to his sons, he may not treat the son of the loved as the firstborn in preference to the son of the unloved, who is the firstborn, but he shall acknowledge the firstborn, the son of the unloved, by giving him a double portion of all that he has, for he is the firstfruits of his strength. The right of the firstborn is his.

    “If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son who will not obey the voice of his father or the voice of his mother, and, though they discipline him, will not listen to them, then his father and his mother shall take hold of him and bring him out to the elders of his city at the gate of the place where he lives, and they shall say to the elders of his city, ‘This our son is stubborn and rebellious; he will not obey our voice; he is a glutton and a drunkard.’ Then all the men of the city shall stone him to death with stones. So you shall purge the evil from your midst, and all Israel shall hear, and fear.

    “And if a man has committed a crime punishable by death and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree, his body shall not remain all night on the tree, but you shall bury him the same day, for a hanged man is cursed by God. You shall not defile your land that the LORD your God is giving you for an inheritance.

(Deuteronomy 21 ESV)

Psalm 108

A Song. A Psalm of David.

    My heart is steadfast, O God!
        I will sing and make melody with all my being!
    Awake, O harp and lyre!
        I will awake the dawn!
    I will give thanks to you, O LORD, among the peoples;
        I will sing praises to you among the nations.
    For your steadfast love is great above the heavens;
        your faithfulness reaches to the clouds.
    Be exalted, O God, above the heavens!
        Let your glory be over all the earth!
    That your beloved ones may be delivered,
        give salvation by your right hand and answer me!
    God has promised in his holiness:
        “With exultation I will divide up Shechem
        and portion out the Valley of Succoth.
    Gilead is mine; Manasseh is mine;
        Ephraim is my helmet,
        Judah my scepter.
    Moab is my washbasin;
        upon Edom I cast my shoe;
        over Philistia I shout in triumph.”
    Who will bring me to the fortified city?
        Who will lead me to Edom?
    Have you not rejected us, O God?
        You do not go out, O God, with our armies.
    Oh grant us help against the foe,
        for vain is the salvation of man!
    With God we shall do valiantly;
        it is he who will tread down our foes.

(Psalm 108 ESV)

Psalm 109

To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David.

    Be not silent, O God of my praise!
    For wicked and deceitful mouths are opened against me,
        speaking against me with lying tongues.
    They encircle me with words of hate,
        and attack me without cause.
    In return for my love they accuse me,
        but I give myself to prayer.
    So they reward me evil for good,
        and hatred for my love.
    Appoint a wicked man against him;
        let an accuser stand at his right hand.
    When he is tried, let him come forth guilty;
        let his prayer be counted as sin!
    May his days be few;
        may another take his office!
    May his children be fatherless
        and his wife a widow!
    May his children wander about and beg,
        seeking food far from the ruins they inhabit!
    May the creditor seize all that he has;
        may strangers plunder the fruits of his toil!
    Let there be none to extend kindness to him,
        nor any to pity his fatherless children!
    May his posterity be cut off;
        may his name be blotted out in the second generation!
    May the iniquity of his fathers be remembered before the LORD,
        and let not the sin of his mother be blotted out!
    Let them be before the LORD continually,
        that he may cut off the memory of them from the earth!
    For he did not remember to show kindness,
        but pursued the poor and needy
        and the brokenhearted, to put them to death.
    He loved to curse; let curses come upon him!
        He did not delight in blessing; may it be far from him!
    He clothed himself with cursing as his coat;
        may it soak into his body like water,
        like oil into his bones!
    May it be like a garment that he wraps around him,
        like a belt that he puts on every day!
    May this be the reward of my accusers from the LORD,
        of those who speak evil against my life!
    But you, O GOD my Lord,
        deal on my behalf for your name's sake;
        because your steadfast love is good, deliver me!
    For I am poor and needy,
        and my heart is stricken within me.
    I am gone like a shadow at evening;
        I am shaken off like a locust.
    My knees are weak through fasting;
        my body has become gaunt, with no fat.
    I am an object of scorn to my accusers;
        when they see me, they wag their heads.
    Help me, O LORD my God!
        Save me according to your steadfast love!
    Let them know that this is your hand;
        you, O LORD, have done it!
    Let them curse, but you will bless!
        They arise and are put to shame, but your servant will be glad!
    May my accusers be clothed with dishonor;
        may they be wrapped in their own shame as in a cloak!
    With my mouth I will give great thanks to the LORD;
        I will praise him in the midst of the throng.
    For he stands at the right hand of the needy one,
        to save him from those who condemn his soul to death.

(Psalm 109 ESV)

Something to Consider

Deuteronomy 21: If the Israelites decided to punish a man by hanging him on a tree then they were to also make sure that they prepared all provisions needed to bury that man the same day. A man who had been hanged upon a tree was not to be left hanging there over night. Just as touching a dead body would defile a person, a dead body left hanging over the land would defile the land as well. 

Here we have a law that added to the concern to bury our Lord immediately after His death. But here we also have a law that the apostle Paul pointed out in describing what Christ accomplished by ‘hanging’ on the cross for us in the first place. Our Lord redeemed us from our curse of sin by becoming a curse for us. As it is written, “a hanged man is cursed by God” (Galatians 3). 

Christ took upon Himself the curse of God that we deserve in order that we might experience the blessing of God that only He deserves. We are the ones who have committed the crimes worthy of condemnation, and yet Christ is the One who took our place winning us justification. We are sinners under the curse of sin, but Christ was hanged to reverse that curse. His death didn't defile anyone or anything; rather His death restores all things.