Isaiah 1 & Hebrews 9

Isaiah 1

    The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.

    Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth;
        for the LORD has spoken:
    “Children have I reared and brought up,
        but they have rebelled against me.
    The ox knows its owner,
        and the donkey its master's crib,
    but Israel does not know,
        my people do not understand.”
    Ah, sinful nation,
        a people laden with iniquity,
    offspring of evildoers,
        children who deal corruptly!
    They have forsaken the LORD,
        they have despised the Holy One of Israel,
        they are utterly estranged.
    Why will you still be struck down?
        Why will you continue to rebel?
    The whole head is sick,
        and the whole heart faint.
    From the sole of the foot even to the head,
        there is no soundness in it,
    but bruises and sores
        and raw wounds;
    they are not pressed out or bound up
        or softened with oil.
    Your country lies desolate;
        your cities are burned with fire;
    in your very presence
        foreigners devour your land;
        it is desolate, as overthrown by foreigners.
    And the daughter of Zion is left
        like a booth in a vineyard,
    like a lodge in a cucumber field,
        like a besieged city.
    If the LORD of hosts
        had not left us a few survivors,
    we should have been like Sodom,
        and become like Gomorrah.
    Hear the word of the LORD,
        you rulers of Sodom!
    Give ear to the teaching of our God,
        you people of Gomorrah!
    “What to me is the multitude of your sacrifices?
        says the LORD;
    I have had enough of burnt offerings of rams
        and the fat of well-fed beasts;
    I do not delight in the blood of bulls,
        or of lambs, or of goats.
    “When you come to appear before me,
        who has required of you
        this trampling of my courts?
    Bring no more vain offerings;
        incense is an abomination to me.
    New moon and Sabbath and the calling of convocations—
        I cannot endure iniquity and solemn assembly.
    Your new moons and your appointed feasts
        my soul hates;
    they have become a burden to me;
        I am weary of bearing them.
    When you spread out your hands,
        I will hide my eyes from you;
    even though you make many prayers,
        I will not listen;
        your hands are full of blood.
    Wash yourselves; make yourselves clean;
        remove the evil of your deeds from before my eyes;
    cease to do evil,
        learn to do good;
    seek justice,
        correct oppression;
    bring justice to the fatherless,
        plead the widow's cause.
    “Come now, let us reason together, says the LORD:
    though your sins are like scarlet,
        they shall be as white as snow;
    though they are red like crimson,
        they shall become like wool.
    If you are willing and obedient,
        you shall eat the good of the land;
    but if you refuse and rebel,
        you shall be eaten by the sword;
        for the mouth of the LORD has spoken.”
        How the faithful city
        has become a whore,
        she who was full of justice!
    Righteousness lodged in her,
        but now murderers.
    Your silver has become dross,
        your best wine mixed with water.
    Your princes are rebels
        and companions of thieves.
    Everyone loves a bribe
        and runs after gifts.
    They do not bring justice to the fatherless,
        and the widow's cause does not come to them.
    Therefore the Lord declares,
        the LORD of hosts,
        the Mighty One of Israel:
    “Ah, I will get relief from my enemies
        and avenge myself on my foes.
    I will turn my hand against you
        and will smelt away your dross as with lye
        and remove all your alloy.
    And I will restore your judges as at the first,
        and your counselors as at the beginning.
    Afterward you shall be called the city of righteousness,
        the faithful city.”
    Zion shall be redeemed by justice,
        and those in her who repent, by righteousness.
    But rebels and sinners shall be broken together,
        and those who forsake the LORD shall be consumed.
    For they shall be ashamed of the oaks
        that you desired;
    and you shall blush for the gardens
        that you have chosen.
    For you shall be like an oak
        whose leaf withers,
        and like a garden without water.
    And the strong shall become tinder,
        and his work a spark,
    and both of them shall burn together,
        with none to quench them.

(Isaiah 1 ESV)

Hebrews 9

    Now even the first covenant had regulations for worship and an earthly place of holiness. For a tent was prepared, the first section, in which were the lampstand and the table and the bread of the Presence. It is called the Holy Place. Behind the second curtain was a second section called the Most Holy Place, having the golden altar of incense and the ark of the covenant covered on all sides with gold, in which was a golden urn holding the manna, and Aaron's staff that budded, and the tablets of the covenant. Above it were the cherubim of glory overshadowing the mercy seat. Of these things we cannot now speak in detail.

    These preparations having thus been made, the priests go regularly into the first section, performing their ritual duties, but into the second only the high priest goes, and he but once a year, and not without taking blood, which he offers for himself and for the unintentional sins of the people. By this the Holy Spirit indicates that the way into the holy places is not yet opened as long as the first section is still standing (which is symbolic for the present age). According to this arrangement, gifts and sacrifices are offered that cannot perfect the conscience of the worshiper, but deal only with food and drink and various washings, regulations for the body imposed until the time of reformation.

    But when Christ appeared as a high priest of the good things that have come, then through the greater and more perfect tent (not made with hands, that is, not of this creation) he entered once for all into the holy places, not by means of the blood of goats and calves but by means of his own blood, thus securing an eternal redemption. For if the blood of goats and bulls, and the sprinkling of defiled persons with the ashes of a heifer, sanctify for the purification of the flesh, how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to God, purify our conscience from dead works to serve the living God.

    Therefore he is the mediator of a new covenant, so that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance, since a death has occurred that redeems them from the transgressions committed under the first covenant. For where a will is involved, the death of the one who made it must be established. For a will takes effect only at death, since it is not in force as long as the one who made it is alive. Therefore not even the first covenant was inaugurated without blood. For when every commandment of the law had been declared by Moses to all the people, he took the blood of calves and goats, with water and scarlet wool and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book itself and all the people, saying, “This is the blood of the covenant that God commanded for you.” And in the same way he sprinkled with the blood both the tent and all the vessels used in worship. Indeed, under the law almost everything is purified with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sins.

    Thus it was necessary for the copies of the heavenly things to be purified with these rites, but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. For Christ has entered, not into holy places made with hands, which are copies of the true things, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God on our behalf. Nor was it to offer himself repeatedly, as the high priest enters the holy places every year with blood not his own, for then he would have had to suffer repeatedly since the foundation of the world. But as it is, he has appeared once for all at the end of the ages to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself. And just as it is appointed for man to die once, and after that comes judgment, so Christ, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time, not to deal with sin but to save those who are eagerly waiting for him.

(Hebrews 9 ESV)

Hebrews 9: Jesus is the source of the gospel aroma that lingers throughout the Old Testament. He is the fulfillment of everything the tabernacle and the religious ceremonies foreshadowed. It is the blood of Christ (not animals) that has granted us eternal peace with God and access into His presence. The blood of Christ is of such an eternal value and significance that we must treasure it above all else in life and consider it as the most precious offering conceivable in all creation. May we humble ourselves enough to recognize and acknowledge that we literally have no reason for living apart from the blood of Christ.