Joshua 7 & Psalms 137-138

Joshua 7

    But the people of Israel broke faith in regard to the devoted things, for Achan the son of Carmi, son of Zabdi, son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took some of the devoted things. And the anger of the LORD burned against the people of Israel.

    Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai, which is near Beth-aven, east of Bethel, and said to them, “Go up and spy out the land.” And the men went up and spied out Ai. And they returned to Joshua and said to him, “Do not have all the people go up, but let about two or three thousand men go up and attack Ai. Do not make the whole people toil up there, for they are few.” So about three thousand men went up there from the people. And they fled before the men of Ai, and the men of Ai killed about thirty-six of their men and chased them before the gate as far as Shebarim and struck them at the descent. And the hearts of the people melted and became as water.

    Then Joshua tore his clothes and fell to the earth on his face before the ark of the LORD until the evening, he and the elders of Israel. And they put dust on their heads. And Joshua said, “Alas, O Lord GOD, why have you brought this people over the Jordan at all, to give us into the hands of the Amorites, to destroy us? Would that we had been content to dwell beyond the Jordan! O Lord, what can I say, when Israel has turned their backs before their enemies! For the Canaanites and all the inhabitants of the land will hear of it and will surround us and cut off our name from the earth. And what will you do for your great name?”

    The LORD said to Joshua, “Get up! Why have you fallen on your face? Israel has sinned; they have transgressed my covenant that I commanded them; they have taken some of the devoted things; they have stolen and lied and put them among their own belongings. Therefore the people of Israel cannot stand before their enemies. They turn their backs before their enemies, because they have become devoted for destruction. I will be with you no more, unless you destroy the devoted things from among you. Get up! Consecrate the people and say, ‘Consecrate yourselves for tomorrow; for thus says the LORD, God of Israel, “There are devoted things in your midst, O Israel. You cannot stand before your enemies until you take away the devoted things from among you.” In the morning therefore you shall be brought near by your tribes. And the tribe that the LORD takes by lot shall come near by clans. And the clan that the LORD takes shall come near by households. And the household that the LORD takes shall come near man by man. And he who is taken with the devoted things shall be burned with fire, he and all that he has, because he has transgressed the covenant of the LORD, and because he has done an outrageous thing in Israel.’”

    So Joshua rose early in the morning and brought Israel near tribe by tribe, and the tribe of Judah was taken. And he brought near the clans of Judah, and the clan of the Zerahites was taken. And he brought near the clan of the Zerahites man by man, and Zabdi was taken. And he brought near his household man by man, and Achan the son of Carmi, son of Zabdi, son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, was taken. Then Joshua said to Achan, “My son, give glory to the LORD God of Israel and give praise to him. And tell me now what you have done; do not hide it from me.” And Achan answered Joshua, “Truly I have sinned against the LORD God of Israel, and this is what I did: when I saw among the spoil a beautiful cloak from Shinar, and 200 shekels of silver, and a bar of gold weighing 50 shekels, then I coveted them and took them. And see, they are hidden in the earth inside my tent, with the silver underneath.”

    So Joshua sent messengers, and they ran to the tent; and behold, it was hidden in his tent with the silver underneath. And they took them out of the tent and brought them to Joshua and to all the people of Israel. And they laid them down before the LORD. And Joshua and all Israel with him took Achan the son of Zerah, and the silver and the cloak and the bar of gold, and his sons and daughters and his oxen and donkeys and sheep and his tent and all that he had. And they brought them up to the Valley of Achor. And Joshua said, “Why did you bring trouble on us? The LORD brings trouble on you today.” And all Israel stoned him with stones. They burned them with fire and stoned them with stones. And they raised over him a great heap of stones that remains to this day. Then the LORD turned from his burning anger. Therefore, to this day the name of that place is called the Valley of Achor.

(Joshua 7 ESV)

Psalm 137

    By the waters of Babylon,
        there we sat down and wept,
        when we remembered Zion.
    On the willows there
        we hung up our lyres.
    For there our captors
        required of us songs,
    and our tormentors, mirth, saying,
        “Sing us one of the songs of Zion!”
    
    How shall we sing the LORD's song
        in a foreign land?
    If I forget you, O Jerusalem,
        let my right hand forget its skill!
    Let my tongue stick to the roof of my mouth,
        if I do not remember you,
    if I do not set Jerusalem
        above my highest joy!
    
    Remember, O LORD, against the Edomites
        the day of Jerusalem,
    how they said, “Lay it bare, lay it bare,
        down to its foundations!”
    O daughter of Babylon, doomed to be destroyed,
        blessed shall he be who repays you
        with what you have done to us!
    Blessed shall he be who takes your little ones
        and dashes them against the rock!

(Psalm 137 ESV)


Psalm 138

Of David.

    I give you thanks, O LORD, with my whole heart;
        before the gods I sing your praise;
    I bow down toward your holy temple
        and give thanks to your name for your steadfast love and your faithfulness,
        for you have exalted above all things
        your name and your word.
    On the day I called, you answered me;
        my strength of soul you increased.
    
    All the kings of the earth shall give you thanks, O LORD,
        for they have heard the words of your mouth,
    and they shall sing of the ways of the LORD,
        for great is the glory of the LORD.
    For though the LORD is high, he regards the lowly,
        but the haughty he knows from afar.
    
    Though I walk in the midst of trouble,
        you preserve my life;
    you stretch out your hand against the wrath of my enemies,
        and your right hand delivers me.
    The LORD will fulfill his purpose for me;
        your steadfast love, O LORD, endures forever.
        Do not forsake the work of your hands.

(Psalm 138 ESV)

Something to Consider

Joshua 7: Sin among people and nations has consequences for the entire people and nation. Sin is almost never an isolated event that only produces consequences for an individual. Society will suffer from sins done in secret. The sin of Achan led to the defeat of Israel against a lesser enemy and led to the death of thirty-six of their finest soldiers. 

The Lord had clearly stated on several occasions that the Israelites were to “keep themselves from the things devoted to destruction.” The conquest of the Promised Land was a gift to the Israelites and equally an act of judgment against the people of that land. Therefore, the Israelites (as God’s chosen instruments of His judgment and wrath) were to avoid preserving and treasuring the things that were objects of His judgement and wrath. To do so was to bring the judgement and wrath of God upon yourself and your own people as well. 

Sin had come into the camp of Israel through one man, and therefore death and destruction had come into the camp through that sin. Israel had disobeyed their covenant with God and therefore, God declared, “I will be with you no more.” The destruction intended for the people of that land would now fall upon the Israelites as well who associated themselves with the sins of the people through Achan taking for himself the things associated with these people.  

However, God in His grace intervenes and exposes the sin of Achan before the congregation of Israel. Achan is put to death for his sin, and then we're told the “the Lord turned from His burning anger.” One man's sin brought a curse upon God's people, and one man's death delivered God's people from the curse of that sin. The death of the sinner brought deliverance from the curse upon Israel. May we be ever more thankful that it was the death of our Savior that has delivered us from the curse upon us.  

Therefore, as one trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all men. For as by the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man's obedience the many will be made righteous. (Romans 5)