Numbers 16 & Psalms 52-54

Numbers 16

    Now Korah the son of Izhar, son of Kohath, son of Levi, and Dathan and Abiram the sons of Eliab, and On the son of Peleth, sons of Reuben, took men. And they rose up before Moses, with a number of the people of Israel, 250 chiefs of the congregation, chosen from the assembly, well-known men. They assembled themselves together against Moses and against Aaron and said to them, “You have gone too far! For all in the congregation are holy, every one of them, and the LORD is among them. Why then do you exalt yourselves above the assembly of the LORD?” When Moses heard it, he fell on his face, and he said to Korah and all his company, “In the morning the LORD will show who is his, and who is holy, and will bring him near to him. The one whom he chooses he will bring near to him. Do this: take censers, Korah and all his company; put fire in them and put incense on them before the LORD tomorrow, and the man whom the LORD chooses shall be the holy one. You have gone too far, sons of Levi!” And Moses said to Korah, “Hear now, you sons of Levi: is it too small a thing for you that the God of Israel has separated you from the congregation of Israel, to bring you near to himself, to do service in the tabernacle of the LORD and to stand before the congregation to minister to them, and that he has brought you near him, and all your brothers the sons of Levi with you? And would you seek the priesthood also? Therefore it is against the LORD that you and all your company have gathered together. What is Aaron that you grumble against him?”

    And Moses sent to call Dathan and Abiram the sons of Eliab, and they said, “We will not come up. Is it a small thing that you have brought us up out of a land flowing with milk and honey, to kill us in the wilderness, that you must also make yourself a prince over us? Moreover, you have not brought us into a land flowing with milk and honey, nor given us inheritance of fields and vineyards. Will you put out the eyes of these men? We will not come up.” And Moses was very angry and said to the LORD, “Do not respect their offering. I have not taken one donkey from them, and I have not harmed one of them.”

    And Moses said to Korah, “Be present, you and all your company, before the LORD, you and they, and Aaron, tomorrow. And let every one of you take his censer and put incense on it, and every one of you bring before the LORD his censer, 250 censers; you also, and Aaron, each his censer.” So every man took his censer and put fire in them and laid incense on them and stood at the entrance of the tent of meeting with Moses and Aaron. Then Korah assembled all the congregation against them at the entrance of the tent of meeting. And the glory of the LORD appeared to all the congregation.

    And the LORD spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying, “Separate yourselves from among this congregation, that I may consume them in a moment.” And they fell on their faces and said, “O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh, shall one man sin, and will you be angry with all the congregation?” And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, “Say to the congregation, Get away from the dwelling of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram.”

    Then Moses rose and went to Dathan and Abiram, and the elders of Israel followed him. And he spoke to the congregation, saying, “Depart, please, from the tents of these wicked men, and touch nothing of theirs, lest you be swept away with all their sins.” So they got away from the dwelling of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram. And Dathan and Abiram came out and stood at the door of their tents, together with their wives, their sons, and their little ones. And Moses said, “Hereby you shall know that the LORD has sent me to do all these works, and that it has not been of my own accord. If these men die as all men die, or if they are visited by the fate of all mankind, then the LORD has not sent me. But if the LORD creates something new, and the ground opens its mouth and swallows them up with all that belongs to them, and they go down alive into Sheol, then you shall know that these men have despised the LORD.”

    And as soon as he had finished speaking all these words, the ground under them split apart. And the earth opened its mouth and swallowed them up, with their households and all the people who belonged to Korah and all their goods. So they and all that belonged to them went down alive into Sheol, and the earth closed over them, and they perished from the midst of the assembly. And all Israel who were around them fled at their cry, for they said, “Lest the earth swallow us up!” And fire came out from the LORD and consumed the 250 men offering the incense.

     Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, “Tell Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest to take up the censers out of the blaze. Then scatter the fire far and wide, for they have become holy. As for the censers of these men who have sinned at the cost of their lives, let them be made into hammered plates as a covering for the altar, for they offered them before the LORD, and they became holy. Thus they shall be a sign to the people of Israel.” So Eleazar the priest took the bronze censers, which those who were burned had offered, and they were hammered out as a covering for the altar, to be a reminder to the people of Israel, so that no outsider, who is not of the descendants of Aaron, should draw near to burn incense before the LORD, lest he become like Korah and his company—as the LORD said to him through Moses.

    But on the next day all the congregation of the people of Israel grumbled against Moses and against Aaron, saying, “You have killed the people of the LORD.” And when the congregation had assembled against Moses and against Aaron, they turned toward the tent of meeting. And behold, the cloud covered it, and the glory of the LORD appeared. And Moses and Aaron came to the front of the tent of meeting, and the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, “Get away from the midst of this congregation, that I may consume them in a moment.” And they fell on their faces. And Moses said to Aaron, “Take your censer, and put fire on it from off the altar and lay incense on it and carry it quickly to the congregation and make atonement for them, for wrath has gone out from the LORD; the plague has begun.” So Aaron took it as Moses said and ran into the midst of the assembly. And behold, the plague had already begun among the people. And he put on the incense and made atonement for the people. And he stood between the dead and the living, and the plague was stopped. Now those who died in the plague were 14,700, besides those who died in the affair of Korah. And Aaron returned to Moses at the entrance of the tent of meeting, when the plague was stopped.

(Numbers 16 ESV)


Psalm 52

To the choirmaster. A Maskil of David, when Doeg, the Edomite, came and told Saul, “David has come to the house of Ahimelech.”

    Why do you boast of evil, O mighty man?
        The steadfast love of God endures all the day.
    Your tongue plots destruction,
        like a sharp razor, you worker of deceit.
    You love evil more than good,
        and lying more than speaking what is right. Selah
    You love all words that devour,
        O deceitful tongue.
    
    But God will break you down forever;
        he will snatch and tear you from your tent;
        he will uproot you from the land of the living. Selah
    The righteous shall see and fear,
        and shall laugh at him, saying,
    “See the man who would not make
        God his refuge,
    but trusted in the abundance of his riches
        and sought refuge in his own destruction!”
    
    But I am like a green olive tree
        in the house of God.
    I trust in the steadfast love of God
        forever and ever.
    I will thank you forever,
        because you have done it.
    I will wait for your name, for it is good,
        in the presence of the godly.

(Psalm 52 ESV)


Psalm 53

To the choirmaster: according to Mahalath. A Maskil of David.

    The fool says in his heart, “There is no God.”
        They are corrupt, doing abominable iniquity;
        there is none who does good.
    
    God looks down from heaven
        on the children of man
    to see if there are any who understand,
        who seek after God.
    
    They have all fallen away;
        together they have become corrupt;
    there is none who does good,
        not even one.
    
    Have those who work evil no knowledge,
        who eat up my people as they eat bread,
        and do not call upon God?
    
    There they are, in great terror,
        where there is no terror!
    For God scatters the bones of him who encamps against you;
        you put them to shame, for God has rejected them.
    
    Oh, that salvation for Israel would come out of Zion!
        When God restores the fortunes of his people,
        let Jacob rejoice, let Israel be glad.

(Psalm 53 ESV)


Psalm 54

To the choirmaster: with stringed instruments. A Maskil of David, when the Ziphites went and told Saul, “Is not David hiding among us?”

    O God, save me by your name,
        and vindicate me by your might.
    O God, hear my prayer;
        give ear to the words of my mouth.
    
    For strangers have risen against me;
        ruthless men seek my life;
        they do not set God before themselves. Selah
    
    Behold, God is my helper;
        the Lord is the upholder of my life.
    He will return the evil to my enemies;
        in your faithfulness put an end to them.
    
    With a freewill offering I will sacrifice to you;
        I will give thanks to your name, O LORD, for it is good.
    For he has delivered me from every trouble,
        and my eye has looked in triumph on my enemies.

(Psalm 54 ESV)


Something to Consider

Numbers 16: Korah was a Levite but was not one of the priests so this didn’t sit well with him. Frustrations in the wilderness have been mounting, and now Korah decides that he sees no reason why Moses and Aaron should be given any special privileges over him or any of the other Levites for that matter. Korah argues, “For all in the congregation are holy, every one of them, and the LORD is among them. Why then do you exalt yourselves above the assembly of the LORD?” Interestingly enough, he accuses Moses and Aaron of self-exaltation - the very thing that he is now doing himself.

False teachers have a way of claiming a holiness that exalts their status in this life. They often reject authority and blaspheme those truly called by God. Jude writes: 

These are hidden reefs at your love feasts, as they feast with you without fear, shepherds feeding themselves; waterless clouds, swept along by winds; fruitless trees in late autumn, twice dead, uprooted; wild waves of the sea, casting up the foam of their own shame; wandering stars, for whom the gloom of utter darkness has been reserved forever. (Jude 1)

May we be watchful of such men among our congregations, and depart from the tents of these wicked men, and touch nothing of their teaching lest we be swept away in the swift destruction brought on by their sin. Matthew Henry writes, “God is jealous of the honor of his own institutions, and will not have them invaded.”

The horrific judgement upon those involved in Korah’s rebellion was merely one day old before another rebellion breaks out blaming Moses and Aaron for the death of these rebels. However, Moses and Aaron prayerfully intercede with God on behalf of the very people rebelling against them. Aaron even “stood between the dead and the living and the plague was stopped.” In a great act of selflessness, Aaron prayed for the people and stood in between the oncoming wrath of God in order to save those among the congregation who were rejecting him. 

May we be inspired by such selfless intercession on the part of Israel’s high priest, but may we see the significance of such a selfless act that foreshadows the act of our ultimate High Priest. Christ entered into the midst of a sinful people and stood in between the eternal Judgment and those under condemnation. It was Christ who stood in between death and life and even suffered the final blow of death in order to halt the plague of sin’s condemnation. It was Christ who prayed for the people and stood in between the oncoming wrath of God in order to save those among the world who had rejected Him. We can admire the work of Aaron, but may we glorify the work of Christ knowing that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us (Romans 5).